Hiroshima is the name given to both Hiroshima City, and Hiroshima Prefecture in which it is located. Hiroshima is world famous for having been the victim of the first atomic bomb attack, during World War Two. Walking around Hiroshima City it's hard to imagine the devastation of that attack, but the Atomic Bomb museum, Peace Park, and the Genbaku Dome all serve as reminders of that dark day. Today however, Hiroshima is a pleasant and interesting place to visit. Nearby is beautiful Miyajima Island with the huge red torii and 'floating' Itsukushima Shrine. In my opinion it is one of the best destinations in Japan!